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    Medications for Diabetics
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     GlucoMenu: Diabetes Medications
    Medications for Diabetes... how do they work?

    Type 2 Diabetes is characterized by an inability to produce adequate insulin.  Insulin moves sugar from the blood into the cell.

    Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes includes a healthy diet, exercise, weight loss, and oral medications or insulin.

    What's the difference between oral medications and insulin?

    Oral medications are only used by Type 2 patients.  These pill form medications work in a variety of ways.  Here are some examples of how oral medications work:
    • Stimulate the pancreas cells to make more insulin.  The pancreas is an organ located close to your stomach and has a number of functions, one of which is making insulin.  Sulfonylureas and meglitinides are medications helping to stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin.
    • Block the absorption of sugars.  Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are an example of this type of medication.
    • Promote the effectiveness of insulin produced.  Thiazolidinediones are medications promoting effectiveness of insulin.
    • Reduce the amount of sugar made in the liver.  The liver is a great storage unit for energy.  In a fasted state, the liver supplies energy to the body.  Limiting the amount of sugar made in the liver can be helpful to some with high blood sugar.   Medications such as biguanides work to limit the amount of sugar made in the liver.

    Oral medications can be used alone or in combination.

    Insulin is delivered to the body via injection.  Those with Type 1 Diabetes must take insulin to replace the insulin their body does not produce.  At times, someone with Type 2 Diabetes might take insulin to better control blood sugar.

    Talk with your doctor, pharmacist, and/or diabetes educator about the medications you are taking.  Learn about side effects and how best to take these medications for optimal benefits.

    Christine Carlson, MS, RD, BC-ADM, CDE
    GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director

     
       
    Christine Carlson, Registered Dietitian &
    Certified Diabetes Educator

    Previous E-mails to Christine (GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director)

    A1c:  What should my A1c level be?

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    Alcohol:  Can I have wine with dinner?

    Apple:  How many sugars are in an apple?

    BBQ:  What types of foods should I eat more of and what foods should I avoid at my BBQ?

    Blood Sugar Testing:  How often should I check my blood sugar if I have type 2 diabetes?

    Breakfast:  What are the best items I should choose for breakfast?

    Caffeine:  Does caffeine have any effect on blood sugar either good or bad?

    Carbohydrate:  Carbohydrate or calories?

    Carbohydrate Choices:  What are Carbohydrate Choices?

    Chromium:  Should I be taking Chromium?

    Diabetes:  Can you reverse diabetes?

    Diabetes:  Can you reverse pre-diabetes?

    Diabetes:  How do I change my diabetes profile on the website?

    Diabetes:  Newly diagnosed... Where do I start?

    Dining Out:  We eat out a lot.  Could you give us some suggestions for Japanese and Chinese?

    Dreamfields Pasta:  How does Dreamfields pasta count carbohydrates?

    Exercise:  When should I exercise?

    Fiber:  Which items are the best for fiber?

    Flax:  Should I add ground flax seed to my meal plan?

    Food Exchanges:  Can you explain food exchanges?

    Frozen Shoulder:  Do my symptoms sound like frozen shoulder?

    Fruit:  What is the difference between canned and fresh fruits?

    Fruit Juice:  What can I drink instead of water?

    Fruit Sugar:  Which fruits would be a better choice for me to eat?

    GlucoMenu:  In 9 months, I have lost 50 lbs and my wife has lost 43.  But more importantly...

    GlucoMenu:  Does GlucoMenu work for couples?

    GlucoMenu:  What is GlucoMenu?

    GlucoMenu:  I'm trying to lose weight... What is the lowest calorie level?

    GlucoMenu:  Menus for every season?

    Glucose Test:  My glucose tolerance test was at 105 - how high/low is that compared to acceptable levels?

    Gluten:  Should I be eating gluten free products?

    HFCS:  What's all the hype with High Fructose Corn Syrup?

    High Blood Pressure:  What should I order when eating out to limit sodium?

    High Blood Sugar:  My blood sugar levels have been running between 475 to 575.

    High Blood Sugar:  Tired after lunch.  Any suggestions?

    High Cholesterol:  In addition to having diabetes I have high cholesterol.  What can I order?

    Hunger:  What do you advise when I find myself, always, hungry and most of the time ravenous?

    Iron:  My iron is low.  What foods do you suggest?

    Lunch:  I have diabetes and work long hours.  Could you give me some tips on what to pack for lunch at work?

    Margarine or Butter:  Why unhealthy margarine instead of butter?

    Medications:  Can you give me some basic information on the medication Metformin?

    Menus:  I need 8 weeks of diabetic menus.  Can you help me with this?

    Nutrition Facts:  What is "other carbohydrate" and why aren't they included in the total carbohydrate count?

    Nuts:  What kind of nuts should I buy?

    Olean:  Where I can buy Olean and what brands of food have it?

    Pre-Diabetes:  I'm concerned & depressed about Pre-Diabetes... Any advice?

    Pre-Diabetes:  What are Pre-Diabetes lifestyle changes?

    Pre-Diabetes:  Newly diagnosed w/ Pre-Diabetes... Where do I start?

    Pre-Diabetes:  Do people with Pre-Diabetes have the same symptoms as those with Type 1 and Type 2?

    Pre-Diabetes:  Trying to lose weight, but now gaining... Suggestions?

    Snack Bars:  What snack bars do you suggest I use?

    Snacking:  How do I avoid overeating when I'm bored?

    Sodium:  Does low sodium mean high in potassium?

    Stevia:  Are Stevia sweeteners safe for someone who has diabetes?

    Sugar Alcohol:  What is the difference between sugar and sugar alcohols?

    Tomatoes:  Will tomatoes cause an increase in blood sugar levels?

    Travel:  I have type 2 diabetes and travel quite a bit.  What do you suggest?

    Type 2:  What should I do if I've just been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes?

    Vinegar:  Do you have any info on taking vinegar tablets or liquid to reduce blood sugar?

    Weight Loss:  Do you think I'm losing weight too fast?

    Weight Loss:  How do I lose weight?

    Yogurt:  What is the best yogurt for someone with Diabetes?

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    FREE:
    American Diabetes Association magazine subscription when you join GlucoMenu®
     
     


    FREE:
    American Diabetes Association magazine subscription when you join GlucoMenu®
     
     


    FREE:
    American Diabetes Association magazine subscription when you join GlucoMenu®
     
     


    FREE:
    American Diabetes Association magazine subscription when you join GlucoMenu®


     
     
     
     
     

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