Diabetic Food Exchanges
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    Diabetic Food Exchanges

    E-mails to Christine (GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director)
    Christine is a Registered Dietitian & Certified Diabetes Educator

    E-mail your questions to Christine at:  nutrition@GlucoMenu.com

    Q. I do have a question and can't seem to find an explanation or answer I understand, can you explain food exchanges?  I recently started cooking for a diabetic as a side job, I did meet with his nutritionist, but it was before I started looking at diabetic recipes.  Thank-you.

    A. "Food Exchanges" were designed by the American Diabetes Association and American Dietetic Association to help people with diabetes track their food choices.  Foods are broken down into 3 categories: carbohydrate, protein, and fat.  Each food category indicates portion sizes of foods that contain similar amounts of carbohydrate, protein, and fat.

    The Carbohydrate Group includes starch (such as bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and starchy vegetables), fruit (such as fresh fruits, dried fruits, canned fruits, and fruit juice), and dairy (including milk and yogurt).

    Each of these food groups indicates a portion size that will contain about 15 grams of carbohydrate (also known as one Carbohydrate Choice).  This is very useful if you carbohydrate count.  Here are some examples of one carbohydrate choice containing 15 grams carbohydrate:
    • 1 (1 oz.) slice of bread
    • 1/3 cup cooked rice or pasta
    • 1/2 cup cooked peas or beans
    • 1 small apple
    • 3/4 cup blueberries
    • 8 fl. oz. milk
      • Non-starchy vegetables (such as broccoli, lettuce, or cauliflower) are also categorized into the carbohydrate group as but they contain much less carbohydrate.  One serving of non-starchy vegetables contains 5 grams carbohydrate.  Here are some examples of one serving of non-starchy vegetables:
        • 1 cup raw broccoli
        • 1 cup raw carrots
        • 1/2 cup cooked cauliflower
        • 1/2 cup cooked green beans

    The Protein Group includes meats, eggs, and cheese.  Each of the following will contain about 7 grams of protein and no carbohydrate:
    • 1 oz. skinless chicken breast
    • 1 oz. salmon
    • 1 egg or 1/4 cup egg substitute
    • 1 oz. low fat cheese
    The Fat Group includes foods such as butter, margarine, oil, olives, and nuts.  Each of the following contains about 5 grams fat:
    • 1 teaspoon butter
    • 1 teaspoon canola or olive oil
    • 8 large olives
    • 2 tablespoons avocado
    • 6 almonds
    The food exchanges can be a useful tool to track your carbohydrate intake.  Learning more about exchanges and portion sizes of exchanges can be helpful when a food label is not available.

    Christine Carlson, MS, RD, BC-ADM, CDE
    GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director

    Was this helpful?

       
    Christine Carlson, Registered Dietitian &
    Certified Diabetes Educator

    GlucoMenu helps Type 1, Type 2 & Pre-Diabetics with

  • Achieving better blood sugar results
  • Weight loss and weight management
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    GlucoMenu provides complete diabetic menus for diabetes and pre-diabetes menus for prediabetics (impaired glucose tolerance).  The diabetic menus and pre-diabetes menus programs include weekly menus with recipes, grocery lists, and nutrition facts.  Members login weekly to access their calorie specific diabetic meal plans.

    Diabetes & Prediabetes care is specific and all of the information on the GlucoMenu website may not apply to you.  Our diabetes menus pre diabetic menus prediabetes diet & diabetic menus & prediabetes menus and other diabetes information is not intended to replace professional medical advice.  Always check with your physician prior to starting a new diet or exercise program.