Diabetic Food Exchanges
  • Menus
  • Recipes
  • Grocery Lists
  •  Diabetes Food Exchanges 
    I really depend on the menus, for being diabetic is new to me
      Toll Free: 1-877-990-3926
    How do ADA exchanges work?
     Contact Us
     Food Picker®
     New Research
     Free Profile
     Support Group
     GlucoMenu: Food Exchanges
    Diabetic Food Exchanges

    E-mails to Christine (GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director)
    Christine is a Registered Dietitian & Certified Diabetes Educator

    E-mail your questions to Christine at:  nutrition@GlucoMenu.com

    Q. I do have a question and can't seem to find an explanation or answer I understand, can you explain food exchanges?  I recently started cooking for a diabetic as a side job, I did meet with his nutritionist, but it was before I started looking at diabetic recipes.  Thank-you.

    A. "Food Exchanges" were designed by the American Diabetes Association and American Dietetic Association to help people with diabetes track their food choices.  Foods are broken down into 3 categories: carbohydrate, protein, and fat.  Each food category indicates portion sizes of foods that contain similar amounts of carbohydrate, protein, and fat.

    The Carbohydrate Group includes starch (such as bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and starchy vegetables), fruit (such as fresh fruits, dried fruits, canned fruits, and fruit juice), and dairy (including milk and yogurt).

    Each of these food groups indicates a portion size that will contain about 15 grams of carbohydrate (also known as one Carbohydrate Choice).  This is very useful if you carbohydrate count.  Here are some examples of one carbohydrate choice containing 15 grams carbohydrate:
    • 1 (1 oz.) slice of bread
    • 1/3 cup cooked rice or pasta
    • 1/2 cup cooked peas or beans
    • 1 small apple
    • 3/4 cup blueberries
    • 8 fl. oz. milk
      • Non-starchy vegetables (such as broccoli, lettuce, or cauliflower) are also categorized into the carbohydrate group as but they contain much less carbohydrate.  One serving of non-starchy vegetables contains 5 grams carbohydrate.  Here are some examples of one serving of non-starchy vegetables:
        • 1 cup raw broccoli
        • 1 cup raw carrots
        • 1/2 cup cooked cauliflower
        • 1/2 cup cooked green beans

    The Protein Group includes meats, eggs, and cheese.  Each of the following will contain about 7 grams of protein and no carbohydrate:
    • 1 oz. skinless chicken breast
    • 1 oz. salmon
    • 1 egg or 1/4 cup egg substitute
    • 1 oz. low fat cheese
    The Fat Group includes foods such as butter, margarine, oil, olives, and nuts.  Each of the following contains about 5 grams fat:
    • 1 teaspoon butter
    • 1 teaspoon canola or olive oil
    • 8 large olives
    • 2 tablespoons avocado
    • 6 almonds
    The food exchanges can be a useful tool to track your carbohydrate intake.  Learning more about exchanges and portion sizes of exchanges can be helpful when a food label is not available.

    Christine Carlson, MS, RD, BC-ADM, CDE
    GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director

    Was this helpful?

    Christine Carlson, Registered Dietitian &
    Certified Diabetes Educator

    GlucoMenu helps Type 1, Type 2 & Pre-Diabetics with

  • Achieving better blood sugar results
  • Weight loss and weight management
  • Reducing confusion with treatment (what to eat, drink, activity, testing)
  • Coping with diagnosis, feeling better, and increasing energy levels
  • Previous E-mails to Christine (GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director)

    A1c:  What should my A1c level be?

    Acai Berry:  Is all the hype over acai berry for real, is it worth the high cost?

    Alcohol:  Can I have wine with dinner?

    Apple:  How many sugars are in an apple?

    Carbohydrate:  Carbohydrate or calories?

    Chromium:  Should I be taking Chromium?

    Diabetes:  Can you reverse diabetes?

    Diabetes:  Can you reverse pre-diabetes?

    Diabetes:  How do I change my diabetes profile on the website?

    Diabetes:  Newly diagnosed... where do I start?

    Dining Out:  We eat out a lot.  Could you give us some suggestions for Japanese and Chinese?

    Dreamfields Pasta:  How does Dreamfields pasta count carbohydrates?

    Fiber:  Which items are the best for fiber?

    Flax:  Should I add ground flax seed to my meal plan?

    Food Exchanges:  Can you explain food exchanges?

    Frozen Shoulder:  Do my symptoms sound like frozen shoulder?

    Fruit:  What is the difference between canned and fresh fruits?

    Fruit Juice:  What can I drink instead of water?

    Fruit Sugar:  Which fruits would be a better choice for me to eat?

    GlucoMenu:  In 9 months, I have lost 50 lbs and my wife has lost 43.  But more importantly...

    GlucoMenu:  What is GlucoMenu?

    GlucoMenu:  I'm trying to lose weight... what is the lowest calorie level?

    GlucoMenu:  Menus for every season?

    Glucose Test:  My glucose tolerance test was at 105 - how high/low is that compared to acceptable levels?

    Gluten:  Should I be eating gluten free products?

    HFCS:  What's all the hype with High Fructose Corn Syrup?

    High Blood Pressure:  What should I order when eating out to limit sodium?

    High Blood Sugar:  My blood sugar levels have been running between 475 to 575.

    High Cholesterol:  In addition to having diabetes I have high cholesterol.  What can I order?

    Hunger:  What do you advise when I find myself, always, hungry and most of the time ravenous?

    Margarine or Butter:  Why unhealthy margarine instead of butter?

    Nuts:  What kind of nuts should I buy?

    Olean:  Where I can buy Olean and what brands of food have it?

    Pre-Diabetes:  What are Pre-Diabetes lifestyle changes?

    Pre-Diabetes:  Newly diagnosed w/ Pre-Diabetes... where do I start?

    Pre-Diabetes:  Do people with Pre-Diabetes have the same symptoms as those with Type 1 and Type 2?

    Snacking:  How do I avoid overeating when I'm bored?

    Stevia:  Are Stevia sweeteners safe for someone who has diabetes?

    Sugar Alcohol:  What is the difference between sugar and sugar alcohols?

    Tomatoes:  Will tomatoes cause an increase in blood sugar levels?

    Type 2:  What should I do if I've just been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes?

    Home | Sign-Up | GlucoMenu® | Questions | Feedback | Contact Us | Our Story
    Food Picker | Pre-Diabetes | Type 1 | Type 2 | Diabetic Menus
    Support Group | New Research | What's New
    [ GlucoMenu Terms of Use ]  [ Site Index ]
    Copyright ©2015 GlucoMenu®


    GlucoMenu provides complete diabetic menus for diabetes and pre-diabetes menus for prediabetics (impaired glucose tolerance).  The diabetic menus and pre-diabetes menus programs include weekly menus with recipes, grocery lists, and nutrition facts.  Members login weekly to access their calorie specific diabetic meal plans.

    Diabetes & Prediabetes care is specific and all of the information on the GlucoMenu website may not apply to you.  Our diabetes menus pre diabetic menus prediabetes diet & diabetic menus & prediabetes menus and other diabetes information is not intended to replace professional medical advice.  Always check with your physician prior to starting a new diet or exercise program.