Diet & Exercise Delays Onset of Diabetes
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) has found
that diet & exercise can reduce risk for type 2 diabetes by 58%.
The DPP study compared the effects of diet &
exercise (lifestyle) with medication as a means of reducing risk or delaying
onset of diabetes. Over 3,000 participants with impaired glucose tolerance
(IGT) participated in the study. IGT is a condition in which blood sugar
is elevated but is not elevated to the point of diagnosing diabetes. This
is more commonly referred to as Pre-Diabetes. All participants in the
study were overweight.
The participants were divided into 3 groups:
Results of the study were so convincing that the study was ended a year early so that findings could be immediately shared with
the public. Those in the lifestyle group reduced risk for diabetes by 58%. Those taking medication reduced risk by 31%.
Lifestyle modifications were more effective in reducing risk/delaying onset than medication.
Researchers are following subjects to learn how long these interventions are effective.
United States Department of Health & Human Services. Press Release - Diet &
Exercise Dramatically Delay Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes medication Metformin also effective.
Christine Carlson, MS, RD, BC-ADM, CDE
- Lifestyle group - the goal of this group was
to lower bodyweight by 7% via exercise and following a low fat and reduced calorie diet.
Subjects were to exercise 150 minutes per week - most chose to walk (or
other comparable activities) 30 minutes per day for exercise.
- Medication - this group was given a medication called Metformin to lower blood sugar.
This group was also given information on diet and exercise.
- Control group - this group was given a placebo or substance having no effect on lowering blood sugar.
This group was also given information on diet and exercising.
GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director