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Diet & Exercise Delays Onset of Diabetes
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) has found that diet & exercise can reduce risk for type 2 diabetes by 58%.
The DPP study compared the effects of diet & exercise (lifestyle) with medication as a means of reducing risk or delaying onset of diabetes. Over 3,000 participants with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) participated in the study. IGT is a condition in which blood sugar is elevated but is not elevated to the point of diagnosing diabetes. This is more commonly referred to as Pre-Diabetes. All participants in the study were overweight.
The participants were divided into 3 groups:
Results of the study were so convincing that the study was ended a year early so that findings could be immediately shared with the public. Those in the lifestyle group reduced risk for diabetes by 58%. Those taking medication reduced risk by 31%. Lifestyle modifications were more effective in reducing risk/delaying onset than medication.
Researchers are following subjects to learn how long these interventions are effective.
United States Department of Health & Human Services. Press Release - Diet & Exercise Dramatically Delay Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes medication Metformin also effective.