Criteria for Pre-Diabetes Updated
The Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes has
lowered the fasting blood sugar level to diagnose Pre-Diabetes.
Pre-Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar is higher than normal but not
high enough to diagnose diabetes. Pre-Diabetes increases risk for type 2
diabetes in the future.
Here is what has changed:
Updated Diagnosis Criteria
Previous Diagnosis Criteria
- A fasting blood sugar of 100 - 125 mg/dl now indicates Pre-Diabetes.
- A normal fasting blood sugar is now less than 100 mg/dl.
A fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dl or more still indicates diabetes. In
addition to increased risk for diabetes, those with Pre-Diabetes are also at
increased risk for heart disease. Pre-Diabetes is also associated with a
condition known as metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is characterized
by high blood pressure, dyslipidemia (disordered blood fats including decreased
HDL (good) cholesterol levels and/or elevated triglycerides), elevated fasting
blood sugar, and centralized obesity (or abdominal obesity, apple body shape).
The good news...
A reduction of body weight, following a healthy meal plan, exercise, and in some cases
medications can help to delay or prevent the development of diabetes.
Speak with your doctor about your diabetes and heart disease risks.
The American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and Classification of
Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care, 27: S5-S10.
The American Diabetes Association. Follow-up Report on the Diagnosis
of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care, 26:3160-3167.
NIH Publication No. 04-4893.
Christine Carlson, MS, RD, BC-ADM, CDE
- A fasting blood sugar of 110-125 mg/dl indicated Pre-Diabetes.
- A normal fasting blood sugar was less than 110 mg/dl.
GlucoMenu® Nutrition Director